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 9th Century (800-899) C.E.

 
 
 
800:  The Aghlabid rule is established in North Africa. 
803:  Downfall of the Barmakids. Execution of Jafar Barmki. 
805:  Campaigns against the Byzantines. Capture of the islands of Rhodes and Cypress. 
809:  Death of Harun ur Rashid. Accession of Amin. 
814:  Civil war between Amin and Mamun. Amin killed and Mamun becomes the Caliph. 
815:  Shia revolt under Ibn Tuba Tabs. 
816:  Shia revolt in Makkah; Harsama quells the revolt. In Spain the Umayyads capture the island of Corsica. 
817:  Harsama killed. 
818:  The Umayyads of Spain capture the islands of Izira, Majorica, and Sardinia. 
819:  Mamun comes to Baghdad. 
820:  Tahir establishes the rule of the Tahirids in Khurasan. 
822:  Death of Al Hakam in Spain; accession of Abdul Rahman. II. 
823:  Death of Tahir in Khurasan. Accession of Talha and his deposition. Accession of Abdullah b Tahir. 
827:  Mamun declares the Mutazila creed as the state religion. 
833:  Death of Mamun. Accession of Mutasim. 
836:  Mutasim shifts the capital to Samarra. 
837:  Revolt of the Jats. 
838:  Revolt of Babek in Azarbaijan suppressed. 
839:  Revolt of Maziar in Tabaristan. The Muslims occupy South Italy. Capture of the city of Messina in Sicily. 
842:  Death of Mutasim, accession of Wasiq. 
843:  Revolts of the Arabs. 
847:  Death of Wasiq, accession of Mutawakkil. 
850:  Mutawakkil restores orthodoxy. 
849:  Death of the Tahirid ruler Abdullah b Tahir; accession of Tahir II. 
852:  Death of Abdur Rahman II of Spain;. accession of Muhammad I. 
856:  Umar b Abdul Aziz founds the Habbarid rule in Sind. 
858:  Mutawakkil founds the town of Jafariya. 
860:  Ahmad founds the Samanid rule in Transoxiana. 
861:  Murder of the Abbasid Caliph Mutawakkil; accession of Muntasir. 
862:  Muntasir poisoned to death; accession of Mutasin. 
864:  Zaidi state established in Tabaristan by Hasan b Zaid. 
866:  Mutasim flies from Samarra, his depostion and accession of Mutaaz. 
867:  Yaqub b Layth founds the Saffarid rule in Sistan. 
868:  Ahmad b Tulun founds the Tulunid rule in Egypt. 
869:  The Abbasid Caliph Mutaaz forced to abdicate, his death and accession of Muhtadi. 
870:  Turks revolt against Muhtadi, his death and accession of Mutamid. 
873:  Tahirid rule extinguished. 
874:  Zanj revolt in South Iraq. Death of the Samanid ruler Ahmad, accession of Nasr. 
877:  Death of Yaqubb Layth in Sistan, accession of Amr b Layth. 
885:  Death of Ahmad b Tulun in Egypt, accession of Khamar- wiyiah. 
866:  Death of Muhammad I the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Munzir. Death of Abdullah b Umar the Habbari ruler of Sind. 
888:  Death of Munzir the Umayyad ruler of Spain, accession of Abbullah. 
891:  The Qarmatian state established at Bahrain. 
892:  Death of the Samanid ruler Nasr, accession of Ismail. 
894:  The Rustamids become the vassals of Spain. 
896:  Death of the Tulunid ruler Khamarwiyiah; accession of Abul Asakir Jaish. 
897:  Assassination of Abul Asakir Jaish; accession of Abu Musa Harun. 
898:  Qarmatians sack Basra. 
 
 
 

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