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 12th Century (1100-1199) C.E.

 
1101:  Death or the Fatimid Caliph Al Mustaali, accession of Al Aamir. 
1105:  Death of the Seljuk Sultan Barkiaruk, accession Of Muhammad. 
1106:  Death of the Al Motavid Yusuf b Tashfin. 
1107:  Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Kilij Arsalan, succession of Malik Shah. 
1108:  Death of the Zirid ruler Tamin, accession of Yahya. 
1116:  Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah. accession of Rukn ud Din Masud. 
1118:  Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad; accession of Mahmud II. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustahzir, accession of Mustarshid. In Spain the Christians capture Saragossa. 
1121:  Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Aamir, accession of Al Hafiz. 
1127:  Imad ud Din Zangi establishes the Zangi rule In Mosul. 
1128:  Death of the Khawarzam Shah Qutb ud Din Muhammad; accession of Atsiz. 
1130:  Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mahmud II; accession of Tughril Beg II. 
1134:  Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph Mustarshid; accession of Al Rashid. Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg II, accession of Masud. 
1135:  Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Al Rashid, accession of Al Muktafi. 
1144:  Imad ud Din Zangi captures Edessa from the Christians, second crusade. 
1146:  Death of Imad ud Din Zangi, accession of Nur ud Din Zangi. 
1147:  In the Maghrib Al Moravids overthrown by the Al Mohads under Abul Mumin. 
1148:  End of the Zirid rule' in North Africa. 
1149:  Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hafiz, accession of Al Zafar. 
1152:  Death of the Seljuk Sultan Masud, accession of Malik Shah II. Hamadid rule extinguished in North Africa. 
1153:  Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I1, accession of Muhammad II. 
1154:  Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Zafar, accession of Al Faiz. 
1156:  Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Rukn ud Din Masid, accession of Arsalan II. 
1159:  Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad II, accession of Gulaiman. 
1160:  Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mukta, accession of Al Mustanjid. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Faiz, accession of Al Azzid. 
1161:  Death of the Seljuk Sulaiman, accession of Arsalan Shah. 
1163:  Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abul Mumin, accession of Abu Yaqub Yusuf. 
1170:  Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustanjid, accession of Al Mustazii. 
1171:  Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Azzid. End of the Fatimids. Salah ud Din founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt. 
1172:  Death of the Khawarzam Shah Arsalan, accession of Sultan Shah. 
1173:  The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah. 
1174:  Salah ud Din annexes Syria. 
1175:  The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks and occupy Ghazni. 
1176:  Death of the Seljuk Sultan Arsalan Shah, accession of Tughril Beg III. 
1179:  Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mustazaii, accession of Al Nasir. Shahab ud Din Ghuri captures Peshawar. 
1185:  Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abu Yaqub Yusuf, accession of Abu Yusuf Yaqub. 
1186:  The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznvaids in the Punjab. 
1187:  Salah ud Din wrests Jerusalem from the Christians, third crusade. 
1191:  Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids. 
1193:  Death of Salah ud Din; accession of Al Aziz. Second battleof Tarain. 
1194:  Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims. End of the Seljuk rule. 
1199:  Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah; accession of Ala ud Din. Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub; accession of Muhammad Nasir. Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids. 
 
 
 

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